Instructions to Authors

TMU Journal of Dentistry is a Peer-Reviewed Journal

Manuscript Submission, Preparation, and Format

All manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with "Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journal" developed by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (October 2001). The uniform requirements and specific requirement of Teerthanker Mahaveer University National Journal of Dentistry are summarized below.


Individuals identified as authors must meet the following criteria established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors:

The order of authorship on the byline should be a joint decision of the co-authors. Authors should be prepared to explain the order in which authors are listed. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the authors.

For a study carried out in a single institute and review article the number of authors should not exceed six. For a case-report, short communication and case series, the number of authors should not exceed four. A justification should be included, if the number of authors exceeds these limits.

Once the Journal has received a manuscript, any changes in authorship must be notified to the editorial office only through Registered Post with Acknowledgment Due post and must contain the signature of the author who has been added or removed from the paper.

The manuscripts will be reviewed for possible publication with the understanding that they are being submitted to one journal at a time and have not been published, simultaneously submitted, or already accepted for publication elsewhere.

The Editors review all submitted manuscripts initially. Manuscripts with insufficient originality, serious scientific flaws, or absence of relevance or importance to the philosophy, science are rejected. The journal will not return the unaccepted manuscripts.

The manuscripts thus filtered are sent to two or more expert reviewers without revealing the identity of the authors to the reviewers. Within a period of eight to ten weeks, the contributors will be informed about the reviewers' comments and acceptance/rejection of manuscript. Articles accepted would be copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. Page proofs will be sent to the first author, which has to be returned within five days. Correction received after that period may not be included. All manuscripts received are duly acknowledged through email.

Article Preparation

Original research articles Randomized controlled trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic test, outcome studies, cost effectiveness analyses, case-control series, and surveys with high response rate. Up to 2500 words excluding references and abstract.

Short Communication: Up to 1000 words excluding references and abstract and up to 5 references.

Case reports New / interesting / very rare cases can be reported. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority, whereas, mere reporting of a rare case may not be considered. Up to 2000 words excluding references and abstract and up to 10 references.

Review articles: Systemic critical assessments of literature and data sources. Up to 3500 words excluding references and abstract.

Letter to the Editor: Should be short, decisive observation. They should not be preliminary observations that need a later paper for validation. Up to 400 words and 4 references.

Article submission to the Journal: Articles should be submitted online to:

First Page File: Prepare the title page, covering letter, acknowledgement, etc., using a word processor program. All information which can reveal your identity should be here. Do not zip the files.

Article file: The main text of the article, beginning from Abstract till References (including tables) should be in this file. Do not include any information such as acknowledgement, your names in page headers, etc., in this file. Do not zip the files. Limit the file size to 400 kb. Do not incorporate images in the file. If the file size is large, graphs can be submitted as images separately without incorporating them in the article file to reduce the size of the file.

Images: Submit good quality color images. Images should not exceed six in number including tables. Each image should be less than 400 kb in size. Size of the image can be reduced by decreasing the actual height and width of the images (keep up to 1024x760 pixels or 5 inches). All image formats (jpeg, tiff, gif, bmp, png, eps, etc.) are acceptable; jpeg is most suitable. Do not zip the files.

Legends: Legends for the figures/images should be included at the end of the article file.

Legends: The authors' form and copyright transfer form has to be submitted to the editorial office by post, in original with the signatures of all the authors within two weeks of online submission. Images related to the articles should be sent in a 'compact disc' or as hard copies to the journal office at the time of acceptance of the manuscript. These images should of high resolution and exceptional quality and should be sent by post / courier to:

Dr. Manish Goyal
Principal, Professor & Head
Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics
Dental College and Research Center
Teerthanker Mahaveer University
Delhi Road, Moradabad - 244001
Uttar Pradesh (India)

Preparation of the Manuscript

Manuscripts must be submitted in Microsoft Word. Margins should be at least 1" on both sides and top and bottom. Materials should appear in the following order:

The text of observational and experimental articles should be divided into sections with the headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables, Figures, Figure legends, and Acknowledgment. Do not make subheadings in these sections.

The manuscripts should be typed in A4 size (212 x 297 mm) paper, with margins of 25 mm (1 inch) from all the four sides. Use 1.5 spacing throughout. Number pages consecutively, beginning with the title page. The language should be British English.

Title Page

The title page should carry:

Abstract (or Introduction) and Key Words

The second page should carry the full title of the manuscript and an abstract (of no more than 150 words for case reports, brief reports and 250 words for original articles). The structured abstract, should consist of no more than 250 words and the following four paragraphs:


Introduction: The Introduction contains a concise review of the subject area and the rationale for the study. More detailed comparisons to previous work and conclusions of the study should appear in the Discussion section.

Materials and Methods: This section lists the methods used in the study in sufficient detail so that other investigators would be able to reproduce the research. When established methods are used, the author need only refer to previously published reports; however, the authors should provide brief descriptions of methods that are not well known or that have been modified. Identify all drugs and chemicals used, including both generic and, if necessary, proprietary names and doses. The populations for research involving humans should be clearly defined and enrollment dates provided.

Results: Results should be presented in a logical sequence with reference to tables, figures, and illustrations as appropriate.

Discussion: New and possible important findings of the study should be emphasized, as well as any conclusions that can be drawn. The Discussion should compare the present data to previous findings. Limitations of the experimental methods should be indicated, as should implications for future research. New hypotheses and clinical recommendations are appropriate and should be clearly identified. Recommendations, particularly clinical ones, may be included when appropriate.

Acknowledgments and Conflicts of Interest

Acknowledgments: At the end of the Discussion, acknowledgments may be made to individuals who contributed to the research or the manuscript preparation at a level that did not qualify for authorship. This may include technical help or participation in a clinical study. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from persons listed by name. Acknowledgments must also include a statement that includes the source of any funding for the study, and defines the commercial relationships of each author.

Conflicts of interest: In the interest of transparency and to allow readers to form their own assessment of potential biases that may have influenced the results of research studies, the Teerthanker Mahaveer University National Journal of Dentistry requires that all authors declare potential competing interests relating to papers accepted for publication. Conflicts of interest are defined as those influences that may potentially undermine the objectivity or integrity of the research, or create a perceived conflict of interest.


References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. A journal, magazine, or newspaper article should be given only one number; a book should be given a different number each time it is mentioned, if different page numbers are cited. All references are identified, whether they appear in the text, tables, or legends, by Arabic numbers in superscript. The use of abstracts as references is strongly discouraged. Manuscripts accepted for publication may be cited. Material submitted, but not yet accepted, should be cited in text as "unpublished observations." Written and oral personal communications may be referred to in text, but not cited as references. Please provide the date of the communication and indicate whether it was in a written or oral form. In addition, please identify the individual and his/her affiliation. Authors should obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication. Presented papers, unless they are subsequently published in a proceedings or peer-reviewed journal, may not be cited as references. In addition, may not be cited as a reference. For most manuscripts, authors should limit references to materials published in peer-reviewed professional journals. In addition, authors should verify all references against the original documents. References should be typed double-spaced.

Sample References

Journal Article: Single Author
Waldron. Fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1993;51:828-835.

Journal Article: More than one Author
Bowden JR, Scully C, Eveson JW, Flint S, Herman R, Janus SK. Multiple myeloma and bullous lichenoid lesions: an unusual association. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1990;70: 587-589.

Book: Single Author
Tencate AR. Oral histology: Development, Structure and Function. (5th ed.). Mosby-Year Rook Inc., Missouri, 1996.

Book: Edited Collections
Jones JH and Mason DK (Eds.). Oral Manifestations of systemic disease, WB Saunders Company Ltd. London, 1980.

Book: Article or Chapter in an Edited Book
Scully C and Lehner T. Disorders of Immunity. In Jones JH & Mason DK (Eds.). Oral Manifestations of Systemic Disease, WB Saunders Company Ltd. London, pages: 102-174, 1980.

Book or Article: with no author or editor named
Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary. (l0th ed.). Merriam Webster, Springtield, MA, 1993.

Dissertation or thesis
Wade WG. The effects of local antimicrobial and mechanical therapy on the subgingival microflora in chronic periodontitis, PhD Thesis, University of Wales, 1969.


Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numbers in the order of their appearance in the text. A brief descriptive title should be supplied for each. Explanations, including abbreviations, should be listed as footnotes, not in the heading. Every column should have a heading. Statistical measures of variations such as standard deviation or standard error of the mean should be included as appropriate in the footnotes. Do not use internal horizontal or vertical rules.

Figure Legends

Legends should be typed double-spaced with Arabic numbers corresponding to the figure. When arrows, symbols, numbers, or letters are used, explain each clearly in the legend; also explain internal scale, original magnification, and method of staining as appropriate. Panel labels should be in capital letters. Legends should not appear on the same page as the actual figures.


Digital files must be submitted for all figures. Submit one file per figure. Multiple panels should be labeled and combined in a single file. Photomicrographs should have internal scale markings. Human subjects must not be identifiable in photographs, unless written permission is obtained and accompanies the photograph. Lettering, arrows, or other identifying symbols should be large enough to permit reduction and must be embedded in the figure file. Figure file names must include the figure number. Clinical color photographs are encouraged. There is no charge to the author for publication of any figure. Authors are asked to use shades of green, blue, or purple in color graphs. Yellow, red, and orange should be avoided unless scientifically necessary (e.g., to depict species of the orange complex, red complex, etc.).

Authors are strongly encouraged to prepare basic, simple designs that can be clearly understood when reproduced; use of "3-dimensional" graphics is not recommended. Unnecessarily complex designs maybe returned for implification before publication.

Details of programs used to prepare digital images must be given to facilitate use of the electronic image. Use solid or shaded tones for graphs and charts. Patterns other than diagonal lines may not reproduce well.

Units of Measurement

Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units or their decimal multiples. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius and blood pressure in millimeters of mercury. All hematologic and clinical chemistry measurements should be reported in the metric system in terms of the International System of Units (SI). Description of teeth should use the ISO-3950 International notation developed by the Federation Dentaire Internationale (FDI), World Dental Federation notation.


Statistical methods should be described such that a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data could verify the results. Wherever possible, results should be quantified and appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty given. Sole reliance on statistical hypothesis testing or normalization of data should be avoided. Data in as close to the original form as reasonable should be presented. Details about eligibility criteria for subjects, randomization, and methods for blinding of observations, treatment complications, and numbers of observations should be included. Losses to observations, such as dropouts from a clinical trial, should be indicated. General-use computer programs should be listed. Statistical terms, abbreviations, and symbols should be defined. Detailed statistical, analytical procedures can be included as an appendix to the paper if appropriate.

Animal and Human Trials

All manuscripts reporting the use of human subjects must include a statement that the protocol was approved by the author's institutional review committee for human subjects or that the study was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000. Do not use any designation in tables, figures, or photographs that would identify a patient, unless express written consent from the patient is submitted. For research involving the use of animals, it is necessary to indicate that the protocol was approved by the author's institutional experimentation committee.


Footnotes should be used only to identify author affiliation; to explain symbols in tables and illustrations; and to identify manufacturers of equipment, medications, materials, and devices. Use the following symbols in the sequence shown: *, ♱, §, k, ¶, #, **, ♱♱, etc.

Identification of Product

Use of brand names within the title or text is not acceptable, unless essential when the paper is comparing two or more products. When identification of a product is needed or helpful to explain the procedure or trial being discussed, a generic term should be used and the brand name, manufacturer, and location (city/state/country) cited as a footnote.

TMU Journal of Dentistry Contributors' from Manuscript Title:

Manuscript Number: I/we certify that I/we have participated sufficiently in the intellectual content, conception and design of this work or the analysis and interpretation of the data (when applicable), as well as the writing of the manuscript, to take public responsibility for it and have agreed to have my/our name listed as a contributor. I/we believe the manuscript represents valid work. Neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content under my/our authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere, except as described in the covering letter. I/we certify that all the data collected during the study is presented in this manuscript and no data from the study has been or will be published separately. I/we attest that, if requested by the editors, I/we will provide the data/information or will cooperate fully in obtaining and providing the data/information on which the manuscript is based, for examination by the editors or their assignees. I/we also certify that we have taken all necessary permissions from our institution and/or department for conducting and publishing the present work.

Financial interests, direct or indirect, that exist or may be perceived to exist for individual contributors in connection with the content of this paper have been disclosed in the cover letter. Sources of outside support of the project are named in the cover letter.

I/We hereby transfer(s), assign(s), or otherwise convey(s) all copyright ownership, including any and all rights incidental thereto, exclusively to the Journal, in the event that such work is published by the Journal. The Journal shall own the work, including 1) copyright; 2) the right to grant permission to republish the article in whole or in part, with or without fee; 3) the right to produce preprints or reprints and translate into languages other than English for sale or free distribution; and 4) the right to republish the work in a collection of articles in any other mechanical or electronic format.

We give the rights to the corresponding author to make necessary changes as per the request of the journal, do the rest of the correspondence on our behalf and he/she will act as the guarantor for the manuscript on our behalf.

All persons who have made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript, but who are not contributors, are named in the Acknowledgment and have given me/us their written permission to be named. If I/we do not include an Acknowledgment that means I/we have not received substantial contributions from non-contributors and no contributor has been omitted.

Sl. No. Name Signature Date Signed
1. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________
2. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________
3. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________
4. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________
5. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________
6. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________

(up to 4 contributors for case report/ case series and six contributors for review and original studies)


Dental College & Research Centre
Teerthanker Mahaveer University
N.H-24, Delhi Road, Moradabad-244001 (Uttar Pradesh)
P: (0591) 247-6823